Cybernetic Hospital, Giuseppe Perugini, 1967

1968 Perugini designed the cybernetic hospital in Pietralata, Rome.

Since 1966 Perugini has developed an interest in the idea of integrating computational processing into architecture. Research by the Russian scientist Victor Glushkov became know at Sapienza Unversity along with groundbreaking advances in cybernetics led by Vittoria Somenzi (1918-2003) and Roberto Cordeschi (1946-2014). Glushkovs book Encyclopedia of Cybernetics had been available in Sapienza since 1967.

For Perugini computers were useful tools for the organisation of complex tasks – following the French word for computer – ‘Ordinateur’ from latin; ‘the one who orders’.

The new vision of the hospital was of a dynamic structure. Spaces were not static, they moved and reorganised themselves around the patients i nthe wards depending on their specific individual needs.

The diagrams of the hospital illustrate the ideas of electromagnetic plates that allow spaces to be moved automatically with ease, controlled by a computational brain. Following Glushkov’s ideas for a centralised control system for the USSR, Perugini designed an open system of circular standardised elements.

Ospedale cibernetico, The Cybernetic Hospital, 1967

Diagram showing the spatial dependency of the elements in the cybernetic hospital.

July 9, 2020